Skiing, snowboarding, and sledding (tobogganing) are popular winter activities in Ontario. But, what does participating in these activities mean for injury risk? Based on Ontario emergency department (ED) data, this issue of the Ontario Injury Compass explores the causes and risk factors for injuries, as well as the most common types of injuries seen in EDs, in relation to these winter sports.
In terms of prevention, there is a need for more research to evaluate prevention strategies for skiing, snowboarding and sledding injuries. This report includes strategies drawn from the research evidence and recommendations from recognized organizations.
Fridman, L., Fraser-Thomas, J.L., McFaull, S.R., & McPherson, A.K. (2013). Epidemiology of sports- related injuries in children and youth presenting to Canadian emergency departments from 2007-2010. BMC Sports Science, Medicine & Rehabil.5.30. Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3878023/
Haider, A.H., et al. (2012). An Evidence Based Review: Efficacy of Safety Helmets in Reduction of Head Injuries in Recreational Skiers and Snowboarders. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 73(5). 1340-1347.
Parachute.(n.d.). Preventing injuries for tobogganing & sledding. Retrieved from: http://www.parachutecanada.org/downloads/resources/PARA_Tobogganing.pdf
Scanlan, A., & MacKay, M. (2001). Sports and Recreation Injury Prevention Strategies: Systematic Review and Best Practices. BC Injury Research & Prevention Unit, Plan-it Safe, Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario.
Warda, L.J., & Yanchar, N. (2012). Position Statement: Skiing and snowboarding injury prevention. Canadian Paediatric Society. Retrieved from: http://www.cps.ca/documents/position/ skiing-snowboarding-injury
Chief Coroner. Winter Sports Death Review.
Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine. Position Statement: Snowboarding Injuries.
Health Canada. Winter Safety.
via Parachute's Horizon: CSA's updated standard for recreational alpine skiing and snowboarding helmets
via Parachute's Horizon: Winter helmets: Understanding the standards
Picard, A. (2015, January 13). Don’t make tobogganers pay for liability chill. The Globe and Mail.
Russell, K., Christie, J., & Hagel, B.E. (2010). The effect of helmets on the risk of head and neck injuries among skiers and snowboarders: a meta-analysis. CMAJ, 182(4), 333-340.
Schiff, M.A., Caine, D.J., & O'Halloran, R. (2010). Injury Prevention in Sports. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 4, 42-64.
Read the OIPRC's feature article in the January 23, 2015 edition of the Ontario Health Promotion E-Bulletin.
Updated January 5, 2015