Children and youth (ages 1-14) are vulnerable road users. As cyclists they face additional risks when compared to older age groups. Using emergency department (ED) visit data for Ontario, this issue of the Ontario Injury Compass discusses characteristics of bicycle-related injuries in children and youth. The report also highlights evidence-informed prevention strategies for this injury issue.
World Health Organization. (2015). Ten Strategies for Keeping Children Safe on the Road.
Canadian Paediatric Society. (2013). Bicycle helmet use in Canada: The need for legislation to reduce the risk of head injury.
Tator, C. (ed.). (2008). Catastrophic Injuries in Sports and Recreation: Causes and Prevention - A Canadian Study. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Reynolds, C.O., Harris, A.M., Teschke, K., Cripton, P.A., & Winters, M. (2009). The impact of transportation infrastructure on bicycling injuries and crashes: A review of the literature. Environmental Health, 8, 47.
Cycling Death Review (Office of the Chief Coroner)
CAEP Position Statement: Improving Bicycle Safety in Canada (Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians)
Safe Cycling Resources (Parachute)
Helmet FAQ (Parachute)
Bike Carriers and Trailers (Parachute)
Canadian Injury Compass: Bicycle injury hospitalization in Canadian children
Updated May 22, 2015